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"dyslexia"

 
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MessagePosté le: Sam 28 Juil 2018 - 03:58    Sujet du message: "dyslexia" Répondre en citant

The term "dyslexia" was introduced in 1884 by the German ophthalmologist nike cortez classic leather baratas , R. Berlin. He coined it from the Greek words "dys" meaning ill or difficult and "lexis" meaning word, and used it to describe a specific disturbance of reading in the absence of pathological conditions in the visual organs. In a later publication, in 1887, Berlin stated that dyslexia, "presuming right handedness," is caused by a left-sided cerebral lesion. He spoke of "word-blindness" and detailed his observations with six patients with brain lesions who had full command over verbal communications but had lost the ability to read.In the century to follow the narrow definition Berlin attached to the term dyslexia would broaden. Today the term dyslexia is frequently used to refer to a "normal" child -- or adult -- who seems much brighter than what his reading and written work suggest. While the term is mostly used to describe a severe reading problem, there has been little agreement in the literature or in practice concerning the definition of severe or the specific distinguishing characteristics that differentiate dyslexia from other reading problems. Instead of getting involved in the wrangling over a definition nike cortez classic baratas , one could simply use the "symptoms" below as an indication that a child has a reading problem and therefore needs help. DIRECTIONAL CONFUSIONDirectional confusion may take a number of forms, from being uncertain of which is left and right to being unable to read a map accurately, says Dr. Beve Hornsby in her book "Overcoming Dyslexia." A child should know his left and right by the age of five, and be able to distinguish someone else's by the age of seven. Directional confusion affects other concepts such as up and down, top and bottom, compass directions, keeping one's place when playing games nike cortez ultra breathe baratas , being able to copy the gym teacher's movements when he is facing you, and so on. As many as eight out of ten severely dyslexic children have directional confusion. The percentage is lower for those with a mild condition, she says.Directional confusion is the reason for reversing of letters, whole words or numbers, or for so-called mirror writing. The following symptoms indicate directional confusion:* The dyslexic may reverse letters like 'b' and 'd', or 'p' and 'q', either when reading or writing. * He may invert letters nike cortez flyknit baratas , reading or writing 'n' as 'u', or 'm' as 'w'.* He may read or write words like 'no' for 'on', or 'rat' for 'tar'. * He may read or write 17 for 71. * He may mirror write letters, numbers and words.SEQUENCING DIFFICULTIESMany dyslexics have trouble with sequencing, i.e. perceiving something in sequence and also remembering the sequence. Naturally this will affect their ability to read and spell correctly. After all, every word consists of letters in a specific sequence. In order to read one has to perceive the letters in sequence, and also remember what word is represented by the sequence of letters in question. By simply changing the sequence of the letters in 'name' nike roshe cortez nm sp baratas , it can become 'mean' or 'amen'.The following are a few of the dyslexia symptoms that indicate sequencing difficulties:* When reading, the dyslexic may put letters in the wrong order, reading 'felt' as 'left', or 'act' as 'cat'. * He may put words in the wrong order, reading 'are there' for 'there are'. * He may omit letters, i.e.   cortez baratas[/url] , or still makes unexpected grammatical errors in his speech when he is five years old, this should alert the parents to probable later reading problems. T. Cheap Jerseys   Cheap Jerseys From China   Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping   Cheap Authentic Jerseys   Cheap Wholesale Jerseys   Cheap Jerseys China Wholesale   Cheap Football Jerseys   Cheap NFL Football Jerseys   Cheap NFL Football Jerseys   Wholesale NFL Jerseys 

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